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Pure Appl. Chem.,
Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 701-754, 1998.
COMMISSION ON MACROMOLECULAR NOMENCLATURE
Definition of Terms Relating
to the Non-Ultimate Mechanical Properties of Polymers
(IUPAC Recommendations 1997)
A. Kaye, R.
F. T. Stepto, W.
J. Work , J. V. Alemán, A. Ya. Malkin
Abstract: The document
gives definitions of terms related to the non-ultimate mechanical behaviour
of polymeric materials, in particular bulk polymers and concentrated solutions
and their elastic and viscoelastic properties. The terms which have been selected
are those met in the conventional mechanical characterization of isotropic
polymeric materials. They have additionally been limited to those which can
be defined precisely and with mathematical rigour. They are arranged in sections
dealing with basic definitions of stress and strain, deformations used experimentally,
stresses observed experimentally, quantities relating stress and deformation,
linear viscoelastic behaviour, and oscillatory deformations and stresses used
experimentally for solids. An index, an alphabetical list of terms and a glossary
of symbols are included for ease of reference.
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