Pure Appl. Chem.,
Vol. 62, No. 11, pp. 2167-2219, 1990
THE ENVIRONMENT DIVISION
ON ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY*
Glossary of atmospheric chemistry
(IUPAC Recommendations 1990)
Prepared for publication by J.
Synopsis: Over 620 atmospheric chemistry terms
which are in common use by the international research community in the
atmospheric sciences are defined. The diversified nature of the scientists
involved in research in atmospheric chemistry (chemists, meteorologists,
physicists, biologists, engineers, and others) requires that special
attention be paid to the consistency of the terminology employed. Where
alternative terms are in common use to describe a given process, piece
of equipment, feature, or quantity used in atmospheric chemistry, recommended
choices of the IUPAC Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry are given;
these are consistent with the other IUPAC publications and recommendations
on nomenclature. The range of terms includes composition of the atmosphere,
clouds, solar radiation, chemical and physical changes in atmospheric
components, instrumentation employed in analysis of the atmospheric
components and in air quality control, and in effects of certain trace
gases on materials, plants, and animals.
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*Membership of the Commission during the
period 1986-1990 in which the report was prepared was as follows:
Chairman: 1985-1987 K. Leichnitz (FRG;); 1987-1990
J. G. Calvert (USA); Secretary: 1986-1987 C. J. Purnell (UK):
1987-1990 J. Slanina (Netherlands); Titular members: H. Akimoto
(Japan; 1987-1990); S. A. Penkett (UK; 1987-1990); H. R. Pruppacher
(FRG; 1986-1987); H. I. Schiff (Canada; 1986-1990); X. Tang (China;
1987-1990); P. Warneck (FRG; 1988-1990); Associate Members: N.
M. Bazhin (USSR; 1987-1990): R. H. Brown (UK; 1987-1990); K. H. Eickel
(FRG; 1989-1990); J. A. Kerr (Switzerland; 1986-1990); D. Klockow (FRG;
1987-1989); I. O'Neil (France; 1986-1989); M. Sauté (France;
1986-1989); P. Tevault (USA; 1987-1989); P. Warneck (FRG; 1986-1988);
W. E. Wilson (USA; 1989-1990); National Representatives: R. A.
Cox (UK; 1986-1990); K. H. Eickel (FRG; 1986-1989); H.-J. Grosse (GDR;
1986-1990); L. Klasinc (Yugoslavia; 1989-1990); Ø. Hov (Norway;
1986-1990); J.-E. O. Lindqvist (Sweden; 1986-1990); U. Özer (Turkey;
1986-1990); L. F. Phillips (New Zealand; 1986-1990); O. N. Singh (India;
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