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Vol. 35 No. 3
May-June 2013

Special Outlook on Nanotechnology

The first Peruvian Nano-technology Symposium was organized by the Chemical Society of Peru on 26–28 June 2012 in Lima, at the Peruvian Institute of Nuclear Energy. The success of this symposium was reflected in its 2 international courses and 13 lectures, all of which were at a high academic and scientific level. About 50 participants attended from different academic institutes, not only from Lima, but also from provinces such as Arequipa, Moquegua, Ica, Trujillo, Piura, Cajamarca, and Chimbote.

Speakers at the Materials Science: Nanotechnology Symposium held at the 30th CLAQ (from left): Carlos Cabrera, Maria Quintana Cáceda, Javier García Martínez, Ana María Osorio Anaya, Roberto Candal, and José Vega Baudrit.

Thirty-eight research papers for oral presentation were presented, with the participation of three levels of research: preliminary research papers by undergraduate students, thesis research by graduate students, and research papers by renowned lecturers and research teachers. Topics included molecular modeling (3 research papers); synthesis, characterization, and study of inorganic nanomaterials (27 papers); synthesis, characterization, and study of biomaterials (4 research papers); and applications of nanomaterials in the initial phase (4 papers). Most of the papers were from universities in Lima, most notably from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos and Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería.

It is clear that in Peru, we are in the construction stage of basic knowledge of nanoscience and nanotechnology, and that typically most research papers are related to inorganic nanomaterials, including metallic nanoparticles of gold, silver, copper, and nickel, as well as nonmetallic nanoparticles of carbon. Other research papers dealt with the exploration and development of nanocomposites as iron oxides, titanium oxides, tin oxides, copper oxides, nickel oxides, and metallic nanoalloys. A small number of research papers involved nanobiomaterials.

Thanks to the valuable experience acquired organizing the First Peruvian Symposium of Nanotechnology, the Chemical Society of Peru held a symposium on "Materials Science: Nano-technology" within the 30th Latin-American Congress of Chemistry, which took place in Cancun, Mexico, 30 October 2012. This important event featured the following lectures:

  • Carlos R. Cabrera (Puerto Rico): "Nanostructure, Surfaces, Electrochemistry: Synthesis of Catalytic for Combustible Cell"
  • Maria Quintana Cáceda (Peru): "Synthesis of Nanostructured ZnO for Photovoltaic Applications"
  • Roberto Candal (Argentina): "Nanotubes of Carbon and Hybrid Nanoloads: Applications in the Synthesis of Composite Materials"
  • Javier García Martínez (Spain): "Nanostructured Catalysts for the Refinement of Petrol, from the Lab to the Refinery"
  • José Vega Baudrit (Costa Rica): "National Program of Development of the Nanotechnology in Costa Rica: Role of LANOTEC"

The further development of nanotechnology in Latin-America, and the entire world, involves the integration of knowledge from physics, biology, medicine, electronics, engineering, and other fields. Therefore, the Sociedad Química del Perú recommends that the various academic and scientific institutions in Peru collaborate to secure government funding for a nanotechnology project aimed at improving the quality of life of Peruvians. Certainly, a country that does not invest in science and technology is condemned to economic scarcity. Five years from now, with the support of national and international institutes, the development of nanomaterials in our region, could be within our reach.

The Chemical Society of Peru is now planning to organize the second Peruvian Nanotechnology Symposium, which would be held in November 2013; and for during CLAQ-2014, the plan is to host the First Ibero-American Symposium Nanotechnology.

Ana María Osorio Anaya <aosorioana@yahoo.com> is president of the Section of Nanotechnology Sociedad Química del Perú.

 


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