29 No. 6
Explanatory Dictionary of Key Terms in Toxicology
(IUPAC Recommendations 2007)
Monica Nordberg, John H. Duffus, and Douglas M. Templeton
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Vol. 79, No 9, pp. 1583-1633, 2007
The objective of the “Explanatory Dictionary of Key Terms in Toxicology” is to give full explanations of the meaning of toxicological terms chosen for their importance and complexity from the point of merging chemistry and toxicology. This requires a full description of the underlying concepts, going beyond a normal dictionary definition. Often linguistic barriers lead to problems in obtaining a common understanding of terminology at the international level and between disciplines. The explanatory comments should help to break down such barriers. The dictionary consists of about 68 terms chosen from the IUPAC “Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicokinetics,” organized under 22 main headings.
The authors hope that the following groups will find this explanatory dictionary helpful: chemists, pharmacologists, toxicologists, risk assessors, regulators, medical practitioners, regulatory authorities, and everyone with an interest in the relationship of chemistry to toxicology. It should also facilitate the use of chemistry in relation to risk assessment.
|A second part to this explanatory dictionary has recently been initiated as project 2006-020-1-700. The “Explanatory Dictionary of Terms Used in Toxicology” (PART 2) identifies about 20 additional terms that have caused communication difficulties, and expands their explanations in an effort to clarify their meanings and, in the end, the meaning of related scientific papers, reviews, or other documents. Together, Parts I and II of the Explanatory Dictionary should help chemists meet the increasing needs of government for chemical risk assessment by clarifying communication between chemists, toxicologists, and risk assessment specialists. This will, in turn, help ensure that chemistry practices remain safe and continue to benefit human health.
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