27 No. 5
Terminology in Soil Sampling (IUPAC Recommendations 2005)
Paolo De Zorzi, Sabrina Barbizzi, Maria Belli, Giovanni Ciceri, Ales Fajgelj, David Moore, Umberto Sansone, and Marcel Van Der Perk
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Vol. 77, No. 5, pp. 827–841 (2005)
Recently, there have been a growing number of efforts to overcome confusion, ambiguity, and contradictions in the usage of terms and clarification of their definitions in the field of sampling. The IUPAC Recommendations, “Nomenclature for Sampling in Analytical Chemistry,” published in 1990 (PAC 62, 1193–1208), and the ISO standard 11074-2, “Soil Quality—Vocabulary—Part 2, 1998,” are the most widely used terminology documents related to soil sampling. However, recent developments and studies of various sampling aspects (i.e., uncertainty quantification, method validation, comparison of sampling tools, and strategies) require new concepts to be developed and also some new terms to be introduced for their description.
One of the outcomes of the SOILSAMP international project, funded and coordinated by the Italian Environmental Protection Agency (APAT, Italy) and aimed at assessing the uncertainty associated with soil sampling in agricultural, semi-natural, urban, and contaminated environments, was an updated terminology in sampling.
This paper is the result of that effort, and is intended to present terms and definitions to be used in soil sampling and sampling uncertainty. A set of geostatistical terms, of interest in the context of soil sampling and sampling uncertainty estimation, is also illustrated together with the recommended definitions.
last modified 22 August 2005.
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