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Vol. 26 No. 3
May-June 2004

The IUPAC Solubility Data Project
A Brief History: 1972-2001

Back in 1972,the idea of collecting and evaluating solubility data emerged from a commission of the IUPAC Analytical Chemistry Division. The planning, coordination, implementation, and realization of the project took many turns over the years, but the project always survived and as of today it has bloomed into 79 volumes spanning more than 25 000 pages. As an early player in this endeavor, and author of three of the first four volumes in the series, Larry Clever has now prepared a historical review of the project, including appendixes listing all the meetings of the group, all events and key records of the International Symposia of Solubility Phenomena, all members of the Commission V.8 from its inception in 1979 until 1999, and complete detailed references of the 79 published volumes of the Solubility Data Series. Excerpts of this article can be found on pages 12-15 of the print version of the May-June 2004 CI.

by Larry Clever

Table of Contents
The Project is Organized
Publication is Arranged
Help is Recruited
Chair and Editor in Chief
Secretary
Organizations of the Printed Volumes
Guidelines
Databases and Electronic Publishing
International Symposium on Solubility Phenomenon
Solubility Data Center
Book: The Experimental Determination of Solubilities
The Franzosini Award
Acknowledgement
References
Appendix 1: Meetings of the Solubility Data Group
Appendix 2: International Symposium of Solubility Phenomenon
Appendix 3: Commission V.8—Titular Members
Appendix 4: Volumes in the Solubility Data Series (volume editors, title, date of publications)

All scientists have a need to refer to handbooks. Some find their needs met by one comprehensive handbook, others may need to refer to many. Some handbook tables give evaluations and there is normally little question about their reliability. Other tables give an experimental quantity such as atomic mass, melting point, boiling point, vapor pressure, solubility, etc., and in these tables the reliability and the source of the numbers is often not addressed.

. . . . most handbooks make little or no effort . . . to evaluate in a systematic way the data they present.

The problem with any handbook is that often only one value is given, usually without error limits, without literature citation, and without mention of other data that were not used. Background information is available for some handbook data; for example, the IUPAC Commission on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Abundances publishes periodically the latest background information on atomic masses and isotopic abundances. The National Bureau of Standards Circular 500 (1952) on chemical thermodynamic data published relevant data in one part and the references in a second part.1 However, most handbooks make little or no effort to show a complete literature survey or to evaluate in a systematic way the data they present. In fact, the successor to Circular 500, The NBS Tables of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties (1982),2 contains no references.

Although the idea may have occurred to many people as a dream wish, the plan has not been followed in preparing handbooks of presenting all available experimental data on a given property, an evaluation of these data, and, where possible, a table of tentative or recommended data. To do so is time-consuming and financially unrewarding. However, we now have an extensive test of this idea which has been used by the Solubility Data Project over the past 25 or so years.

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has, for many years, had as a goal the production of evaluated data for the chemical sciences, an activity that grew out of its original concern with maintenance of a table of standardized atomic weights. 3 The scientific work of the Union was carried out (until the end of 2001, as explained below) by Commissions of experts drawn from the member countries. The development of Commissions is described in the historical works of Fennell3 and Brown. 4

Participants at the Workshop on Solubility Phenomena: Applications for Environmental Improvement, organized during the 10th ISSP Varna, Bulgaria, in July 2002 (see diagram): 1. Jack Lorimer (CDN), 2. Earle Waghorne (IRL), 3. Kiyoshi Sawada (J), 4. Reginald Tomkins (USA), 5. Jim Sangster (CDN), 6. Alan Mather (CDN), 7. Mark Salomon (USA), 8. Andrzej Maczynski (PL), 9. David Shaw (USA), 10. Dana Knox (USA), 11. Valerii Sazonov (RUS), 12. Jan Vanderdeelen (B), 13. Cezary Guminski (PL), 14. Ryo Miyamoto, 15. Roger Cohen-Adad (F), 16. Justin Salminen (FIN), 17. Pirketta Scharlin (FIN), 18. Clara Magalhaes (P), 19. Hitoshi Ohtaki (J), 20. Vesselina Platikanova (BG), 21. Stefka Tepavitcharova (BG), 22. Adam Skrzecz (PL), 23. Christo Balarew (BG), 24. Wolfgang Voigt (D), 25. Marie-Therese Cohen-Adad (F), 26. Heinz Gamsjäger (A), 27. Jitka Eysseltova (CZ), 28. Ken Marsh (NZ), 29. Hiroshi Miyamoto (J), 30. Vladimir Valyashko (RUS)

The Solubility Data Project provides an excellent example of how a IUPAC Commission came into being. The actual Solubility Data Commission, Commission V.8 of IUPAC, was established in 1979. At the end of 2001, with the dissolution of most existing Commissions, the Commission had a 22-year lifetime, and this landmark prompted the preparation of the present brief history. Many details are given here that complement accounts that have appeared in part in other publications,5-7 including the obituary of Stevan Kertes (known generally to his colleagues as Steve or Steven),6-7 the person most responsible for the establishment of the Solubility Data Project.

The Project is Organized
The process of establishing the Solubility Data Project and its associated IUPAC Commission started about 1972 when A. Stevan Kertes (The Hebrew University, Israel), as a member of IUPAC Commission V.6, Equilibrium Data, proposed that this Commission start a project on collecting and evaluating solubility data. Publications were envisaged in which all reliable data would be presented as they appeared in the original literature. In addition, these data would be evaluated by experts and, where appropriate, tables, figures or fitted equations of tentative or recommended data would be prepared and presented for the use of the scientific community. Fortunately, the idea had the strong support of Commission V.6 Chair George Nancollas (SUNY Buffalo, USA) and by the IUPAC Executive Secretary Maurice (Mo) Williams. Without their support, the presence of strong opposition meant that the idea would have likely gone no further.

Commission V.6 appointed a working party, which met in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973 to consider further the compilation and evaluation of solubility data. The working party gave a positive recommendation to the plan and Stevan Kertes was authorized to set up a working plan for a group independent of Commission V.6.

A group of recognized experts in the field of solubility work was invited to meet with Professor Kertes at McGill University in Montreal, Canada during the Fall of 1974. This meeting could be called the first Solubility Data Project meeting. Kertes, Nancollas and Schindler were members of the parent Commission V.6. The complete attendance list included: R. Battino, Wright State University (USA); C.D. Batty, McGill University (Canada); H. L. Clever, Emory University, (USA); A.T. Clifford, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University (USA); D. Dyrssen, Chalmers University (Sweden); L. Eicher, NBS (USA); I. Eliezer, Weizmann Institute (Israel); H. Gutfreund, Bristol University (UK); A.S. Kertes, Hebrew University (Israel); J.A. Kittrick, Washington State University (USA); R.A. Laudise, Bell Telephone Labs (USA); W. Lippert, Gmelin Institute (Germany); K. L. Loening, Chemical Abstracts (USA); G.H. Nancollas, SUNY Buffalo (USA); P.W. Schindler, University of Berne (Switzerland); G.K. Sigworth, Inland Steel Co. (USA); W.D. Thorpe, McGill University (Canada); and C.L. Young, University of Melbourne (Australia).

Issues that were to come up at almost every future Solubility Data Project meeting were first discussed in Montreal. They included:

  • guidelines for data sheets and evaluations
  • evaluation methods and the preparation of useful evaluations
  • recruitment of compilers, evaluators and editors
  • computers, data-bases, and electronic publication

A tentative format for collecting and evaluating solubility data was decided upon. Several attendees took on the task of preparing sample compilations and the evaluation of a single system in their area of expertise. These were later collected to provide models for future work, and published by Pergamon Press as a sample booklet, of which some 200 copies were printed and distributed to potential compilers and evaluators. The need for detailed guidelines for the compilation and evaluation of data was recognized, and Colin Young took on this task, a task that would later be taken over and completed by Alan F. M. Barton, (Murdoch University, Australia).

The IUPAC General Assembly met in Madrid, Spain in 1975. Commission V.6 invited observers interested in the solubility project to attend. Larry Clever, Colin Young and Alan Clifford accepted the invitation and attended the meeting. Plans for the project moved ahead quite rapidly. The Solubility Data Project was made a Subcommittee of Commission V.6. Finally, in 1979, the Solubility Data Subcommittee became a full Commission (Commission V.8 of the Analytical Chemistry Division) at the IUPAC General Assembly in Davos, Switzerland.

In 1999, at the Berlin General Assembly of IUPAC, an extensive re-organization of the way in which the work of IUPAC is carried out was approved. Under this re-organization, as mentioned above, all Commissions (with a very few exceptions) disappeared at the end of 2001, to be replaced by working groups for specific projects under the direct control of the appropriate Divisions. The plan for the Solubility Data Project was to combine the work of the Solubility Data and Equilibrium Data Commissions into a new sub-committee of the Analytical Chemistry Division called the Subcommittee on Solubility and Equilibrium Data. Thus, the Solubility Data Project has come full circle from sub-committee through Commission and back again, albeit with very different terms of reference and very different experience.

The terms of reference of the Subcommittee on Solubility and Equilibrium Data (SSED) are, to quote from the agreement, “to coordinate projects in the area of compilation and critical evaluation of published experimental data on the chemical solubility of well-defined substances and other equilibrium systems. The SSED also coordinates the dissemination of evaluated solubility data through traditional (journal) and electronic (internet-accessible database) means. The SSED works with the Analytical Chemistry Division and the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, the Solubility Data Series publisher) in the selection of chemical systems for treatment, encourages the formation of Task Groups to perform compilation and evaluation, and assists Task Groups in carrying out their projects.”

The initial membership of the SSED consists of H. Gamsjäger (Austria) as Chair, P. May (Australia), M. Salomon (USA), P. Scharlin (Finland), D. Shaw (USA), S. Sjöberg (Sweden) and W. Voigt (Germany).

Publication is Arranged
Plans for a publisher were being made in 1975, even though it was realized that it might be several years before a volume of solubility data was ready for publication. At the meeting in in 1975, initial discussions with a representative of Butterworths Scientific Publishers were broken off when Robert Maxwell, head of Pergamon Press, appeared at the meeting. It was a dramatic moment. The Butterworths man left without a word. Captain Maxwell, as he liked to be called, shook hands with all, sat down and said very little, but those with him, including, I believe, one of his sons, did most of the talking. A tentative agreement was worked out almost on the spot, although it would take until 1978 to formalize this into a contract between Pergamon Press and IUPAC.

Stevan Kertes insisted on several points in the Pergamon Press-IUPAC agreement, which set precedents. First, in IUPAC projects up to this time the participants had received no money for their work. It was assumed sufficient that the project was part of their research and enhanced their reputation. This worked fine when the projects were not too large, but the Solubility Data Project planned large time-consuming projects. The Pergamon-IUPAC plan called for a page fee to be paid to each compiler and evaluator and for a page typing fee to be paid to each volume editor. Second, these page fees would change in proportion to the UK cost of living price index.

Important to the project was the almost instant rapport between Robert Maxwell and Stevan Kertes. Both had been born in Central Europe, Kertes in Hungary and Maxwell in Ruthenia, part of Czechoslovakia at the time of his birth.8 Their World War II experiences were quite different. Maxwell had escaped to Britain, joined the British army and rose to the rank of Captain. Kertes had been impressed into a German work battalion and had spent the war years in virtual slavery. However, the two understood each other, which helped provide a relatively smooth operating environment between Pergamon Press and the Solubility Data Group.

There were points of contention. The Solubility Data Commission thought Pergamon Press set the volume price too high and did not do enough to publicize the output of the project. Pergamon Press did advertise that for an initial investment of USD 10 000 a library would be guaranteed the entire output of the project, which was initially priced at USD120 per volume. Did any libraries take up that offer? There was a rumor, never confirmed, that as many as 40 libraries took up the offer. If the rumor was true, no list was ever provided to the Solubility Data Commission or to IUPAC.

Pergamon Press published the first 53 volumes of the Solubility Data Series between 1979 and 1992. The points of contention mentioned above continued to exist, and at the end of 1988, the Commission cancelled the publication agreement with Pergamon. However, Pergamon had rights of first refusal on a renewal of the contract. The Commission Chair, Jack Lorimer, and IUPAC Executive Secretary, Mo Williams, agreed on a revised contract. Its eventual acceptance by Pergamon in 1989 provided even better terms for compilers and evaluators. About 1990 Maxwell sold Pergamon Press to Elsevier Publishing Co. After two years, Elsevier decided to drop the Solubility Series. Maxwell died about a year later under tragic and mysterious circumstances. A publishing year, 1993, was lost before an agreement was reached with Oxford University Press (again negotiated by Jack Lorimer and Mo Williams), which published volumes 54 through 65 between 1994 and 1996, until that publisher decided (on the basis of what was considered by the Commission to be insufficient evidence) to cancel the contract. The Solubility Data Series did not have a publisher in 1997-98. In the fall of 1998 a new agreement was reached between IUPAC and NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), thanks to the efforts of Mark Salomon and David Shaw. The agreement provided for publication of the Solubility Data Series for at least four years as a part of the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, whereupon the series became known as the IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series.

Help is Recruited
For such an extensive and lengthy project, recruitment of experts in many areas of both theory and practice of solubility measurements were needed. The list of participants in the project is rather difficult to estimate accurately, but certainly has well exceeded 100. Along with Stevan Kertes, Larry Clever and Mark Salomon were very successful in attracting capable people to take part in the project.

One difficult problem in recruitment was to involve the large number of scientists in the then-USSR in the project. Exploratory visits to the USSR under IUPAC auspices were made by Stevan Kertes and by C. Kalidas (India), with promising results. An unexpected problem arose. The copyright agency of the USSR, VAAP, insisted that any payments to contributors from the USSR should be made through and by them. A strong stand by Mo Williams and Jack Lorimer, with negotiations carried out by IUPAC Secretary-General Tom S. West, succeeded in retaining IUPAC's right to make payments directly to contributors.

Chair and Editor-in-Chief
A. Stevan Kertes took on the responsibilities of both Chair of the Solubility Data Commission and Editor-in-Chief of the IUPAC Solubility Data Series until 1987, when his eight years as the Chair concluded. Stevan Kertes was a wonderful organizer and recruiter of personnel for the project. However, he was not always interested in the details of the editing process. Kertes continued as Editor-in-Chief, and J. W. Lorimer became Chair in 1987. Unfortunately, Kertes died suddenly in July, 1988, a great blow to the Project. Fortunately, Jack Lorimer quickly and firmly took control and worked to see the project move ahead. As both Editor-in-Chief and Chair of Commission V.8 he brought needed system and order to the production of the Solubility Data Project volumes.

J.W. Lorimer served four years as Commission V.8 chairman, and eight years as Editor-in-Chief. In 1996 Mark Salomon, US Army Electronics Command, (USA) took on the Editor-in-Chief position. One of his early tasks was finding a new publisher. He succeeded, resulting in the agreement with NIST and Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. In 1992 the Chairperson and Editor-in-Chief positions were divided, with Jack Lorimer continuing as Editor-in-Chief and Mark Salomon as the Chair. In 1996 David Shaw, University of Alaska, (USA), became Chair and Mark Salomon Editor-in-Chief.

Secretary
Stevan Kertes acted as secretary of the Solubility Data Project from the beginning until 1979 when L. H. Gevantman, Office of Standard Reference Data, NBS, (now NIST) (USA) was elected to the position. Lew Gevantman served the project well with good advice and attention to detail, and set a good example for the Commission Secretaries that were to follow. They were R.P.T. Tomkins, New Jersey Institute of Technology (USA), and then H. Gamsjäger, Montanuniversität Leoben (Austria), both of whom have done outstanding work.

Subcommittees
From the first meeting, the Solubility Data Project was organized into three subcommittees with the responsibility of seeing that the volumes were prepared, properly edited, and reviewed before publication. Upon attaining Commission status these subcommittees were designated:

  • V.8.1 Gases in Liquids. Chair H. L. Clever (USA), 1976-1992; P. G. T. Fogg (UK) 1992 – 2000; Pirketta Scharlin (Finland), 2000-2001.
  • V.8.2 Liquids with Liquids. Chair A. F. M. Barton (Australia), 1976-1984; F. W. Getzen (USA), 1984-98; A. Skrzecz (Poland), 1998-2001.
  • V.8.3 Solids in Liquids. Chair Mark Salomon (USA), 1976-1992; M.-Th. Saugier-Cohen Adad (France); 1992-2000; W. Voigt (Germany), 2000-2001.

In addition to the subcommittees Colin Young acted as a committee of one to prepare and edit the three cumulative indexes of the volumes (Volumes 19, 39 and 53) for the 53 volumes published by Pergamon Press. No index volumes have yet been prepared for the 12 volumes published by Oxford University Press and the volumes published by NIST.

Organization of the Printed Volumes
Pergamon Press devised large laysheets (11 x 17 inch) for compilations and evaluations, on which material was typed. By Volume 47, computer techniques had advanced sufficiently that many manuscripts were being submitted using computer-prepared copy on 8 ½ H 11 inch sheets, or the nearest metric equivalent. In addition, measures were taken to decrease the amount of “white space” on the pages by several techniques, in contrast to the original scheme where the rule was one system or part of a complex system per page.

Adam Skrzecz (Poland) finally urged the Commission to simplify the data sheets even more, by eliminating the boxes in columns, and using a simple scheme that had the potential of being computer-readable. This is the current format for data sheets, and, as noted below, the Series has been available on-line since 2000 using text generated and submitted electronically.

Another aspect of organization of the volumes of data has been the strategy for coverage of the very large number of systems for which data are available, a subject addressed in references.5-9 With the advent of the project-driven system by IUPAC, more emphasis has been placed on choosing systems that are of interest in applied as well as in fundamental chemistry.

Guidelines
Guidelines were an important and recurring theme in the project's early years. Alan Barton, Murdoch University (Australia) successfully took on the task of formalizing the guidelines into a useful document. The final version of the document was approved in 1984. Pergamon Press printed several hundred copies and it was distributed to editors, evaluators and compilers. The document was useful in recruiting new workers, and also noticeably helped in establishing a more uniform format for the volumes. In 1987 and in 1989, guideline supplements were prepared and again Pergamon Press printed and helped distribute the updates.

Databases and Electronic Publishing
The possibility of electronic publishing and databases was a consideration since the first meeting. About 1985 the IUPAC Committee on Chemical Data Bases (CCDB) gave the Commission USD 2500 to construct a model program using DBase-III. Larry Clever, with the help of Marian Iwamoto, prepared a test program, which was demonstrated at the 1987 Boston General Assembly. The program worked, but it was slow and it was obvious that it would not be practical with a large data base. Andrzej Maczynski, Academy of Sciences (Poland) developed his "Floppy Book" concept for liquid-vapor equilibrium data and then applied it to data from the hydrocarbon + water SDP volume 37. His first effort was rough, but the second version, which included only the evaluated data and not the database, was successful. Again it was difficult to visualize the program working well for a very large data base. In 1993 David Shaw (USA) suggested a way to encode the data sheet information. The encoded information could be used both to print the data sheet and to read it into a database.

With publication in the Journal of Physics and Chemistry Reference Data, the problem of electronic publishing and database preparation has been solved. Manuscripts are now submitted electronically, for the most part, and since 2000, this journal has been available on-line.

International Symposium on Solubility Phenomena (ISSP)
Stevan Kertes initiated discussions about a possible solubility symposium and a possible journal devoted to solubility phenomena as early as 1980. He had several goals in mind for the symposium. First, he believed the scientific theory of solubility phenomena deserved a place of importance. Secondly, he wanted to help the many compilers and evaluators to attend the Commission meetings, and he had the practical thought that they would have a better chance of raising money to attend a meeting and present a paper than to just attend a commission meeting. The idea of holding a symposium was popular and quickly gained good support, and a decision on venue was made at the Commission meeting in Leuven, Belgium in 1981. The first symposium was organized and held at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada under the able direction of Professor J. W. Lorimer. There have now been a total of ten symposia, three in North America (London, ON, Canada; Newark, NJ, USA; Troy, NY USA), four in Europe (Guildford, UK; Moscow, Russia; Leoben, Austria; Varna, Bulgaria) one in South America (Buenos Aires, Argentina), one in Asia (Niigata, Japan) and one in North Africa (Hammamet, Tunisia). More details are summarized in Appendix 2.

The idea of a solubility journal did not gain support and there has been no real effort to found such a journal. A minority group within the SDP has complained there are too many meetings and the symposium is not needed. In 1990 some discussions were held with the group that sponsors the Symposium on Solution Chemistry to combine the two in one symposium. However, scheduling difficulties for the foreseeable future overwhelmed the idea and nothing came from the discussions.

Solubility Data Center
Another idea of Stevan Kertes was to establish a Solubility Data Center. This was done in a semi-formal way at Emory University in the late 1970's under the direction of Larry Clever. Emory University contributed USD 15,000 and the Office of Standard Reference Data made several grants for projects evaluating heavy metal solubility data in aqueous solutions. Professor Hiroshi Miyamoto (Niigata University, Japan) was financed by an ICSU grant to spend a year at the Center working on his metal halate volumes. Solubility Data Series volumes 14, 40, and 52 were edited and typed at the center, and a number of papers were collected for the editors of volume 65. A comprehensive collection of gas solubility papers was catalogued for use by the Gases in Liquids subcommittee. A number of inquiries for solubility data were received by the Center. These were either answered directly or contact was made with solubility experts in the SDP for advice. The center quietly expired on the retirement of Larry Clever in August 1992.

Book: The Experimental Determination of Solubiliies
Acting on a suggestion of G. T. Hefter (Australia), the Commission set up a task group in 1989 to look into the preparation of an up-to-date book on The Experimental Determination of Solubilities. In 1990 G. T. Hefter, C. L. Young and J.-J. Counioux (France) were appointed co-editors for the book. A number of manuscripts were submitted. The editors prepared guidelines and detailed criticisms of the submitted chapters, and these were sent the authors in 1994-5, but progress was slow. Two of the co-editors resigned for personal reasons, Counioux in 1993 and Young in 1998. R. P. T. Tomkins was appointed co-editor; progress resumed, new chapters were added and old chapters were updated and the book was completed in 2002. P. G. T. Fogg suggested submitting the book to JohnWiley and Sons for inclusion in the Wiley Series in Solution Chemistry. This was done, and in 2000, the book10 was accepted by Wiley for publication as Volume 6 of the series in 2003. Twenty-four authors submitted 16 chapters under five sections: Fundamentals of Solubility; Gases; Liquids; Solids; and Special Systems.

The Franzosini Award
Paolo Franzosini, Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Pavia (Italy) was an enthusiastic supporter of the Project. He had almost completed Vol. 33 of the Solubility Data Series (see list of published volumes, Appendix 4) when he died suddenly on January 24, 1985.11 Completion of the volume was carried out efficiently by his colleagues Paolo Ferloni, Alberto Schiraldi and Giorgio Spinolo. Franzosini's wife, with the encouragement of his colleagues, very generously donated the payments for this volume to the Commission to establish the Franzosini Award, to be given to assist a promising young contributor to the Project to attend the ISSP. Nominations for the award are received (as of 2001) by the Chair of the new Solubility and Equilibrium Data Subcommittee. The capital is held by IUPAC, and accounting is done by the IUPAC Secretariat.

Acknowledgements
The author thanks Rubin Battino, Heinz Gamsjaeger, David Shaw and Mark Salomon and others who have read and commented on the manuscript. He has special thanks for Jack Lorimer who has carefully read the manuscript several times and made many valuable suggestions.

References

1. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Circular 500. Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties. Part I. Tables. Part II. References. 1952, reprinted 1961.

2. D.D. Wagman et al., The NBS Tables of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 11 , Suppl. No. 2, 1982.

3. Roger Fennell, History of IUPAC, 1919-1987 . Blackwell Science, 1994.

4. Stanley S. Brown, History of IUPAC, 1988-1999 , International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1991.

5. A. S. Kertes, Solubility Data Project, Chem. Int . 8 (5), 25-28 (1986).

6. Y. Marcus, The Scientific Career of Aviezer Stevan Kertes - A Personal Appreciation, in J. Hála et al., Eds., IUPAC Solubility Data Series Vol. 40. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1989, pp. x - xxiv.

7. H.L. Clever and L.H. Gevantman, Obituary: A.S. Kertes, Pure Appl. Chem. 61 , 121 (1989).

8. Roy Greenslade, Maxwell . Carol Publishing Group, New York (1992).

9. J.W. Lorimer, The IUPAC Solubility Data Project: Strategies and Coverage, Chem. Int. 18 (2), 47-50 (1996).

10. G.T. Hefter and R.P.T. Tomkins, Editors, The Experimental Determination of Solubilities in P.G.T. Fogg, Editor, Wiley Series in Solution Chemistry, Vol. 6, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England, 2003.

11. A.S. Kertes, In Memoriam Paolo Franzosini, in P. Franzosini et al., Eds., IUPAC Solubility Data Series Vol. 33. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979. P. vi.

 

Appendices 1, 2, 3, 4

 

Appendix 1: Meetings of the Solubility Data Group

1973 Frankfurt, Germany. IUPAC Comm. V.6 Working Party

1974 Montreal, Canada McGill University. IUPAC Comm. V.6 Working Party.

Organization meeting called by A. S. Kertes. First meeting for R. Battino (USA),

H. L. Clever (USA) and C. L. Young (Australia).

1975 Madrid, Spain. IUPAC General Assembly. IUPAC Comm. V.6 George Nancollas, Chair. A. S. Kertes, H. L. Clever, A. Clifford and C. L.Young among attendees.

1976 Blacksburg, VA USA. IUPAC Comm V.6.1 Subcommittee on Solubility. Host: Alan F. Clifford.

1977 Warsaw, Poland. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm V.6.1 Subcommittee on Solubility. Chair: A. Stevan Kertes.

1978 Atlanta, GA USA. Emory University. Comm V.6.1 Subcommittee on Solubility.

Host: H. Lawrence Clever. First two volumes submitted to Pergamon Press.

1979 Davos, Switzerland. IUPAC Genral Assembly. Comm V.6.1 Subcommitte on Solubility. Chair: A. S. Kertes. IUPAC approved formation of Comm. V.8, Solubility Data.

1980 No meeting.

1981 Leuven, Belgium. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8 Solubility Data. Chair: A. S. Kertes.

1982 Raleigh, NC USA. North Carolina State University. Comm. V. 8 Solubility Data

Host: Forest W. Getzen.

1983 Lyngby, Denmark. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: A. S. Kertes

1984 London, ON Canada. U of Western Ontario. Comm. V.8 and First ISSP.

Host: J.W. Lorimer

1985 Lyon, France. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8 Solubility Data. Chair: A. S. Kertes.

1986 Newark, NJ USA. NJ Institute of Technology. Comm. V.8 and Second ISSP.

Host: R.P.T. Tomkins.

1987 Boston, MA USA. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8 Demonstration of Data Base. Chair: J.W. Lorimer.

1988 Guildford, UK. University of Surrey. Comm. V.8 and Third ISSP. Host: A.F. Danil de Namor

1989 Lund, Sweden. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8 Solubility Data. Chair: J.W. Lorimer.

1990 Troy, NY USA. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Commisson V.8 and Fourth ISSP.

Host: S. Krause.

1991 Hamburg, Germany. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: Mark Salomon.

1992 Moscow, Russia. Russian Academy of Sciences. Comm. V.8 and Fifth ISSP.

Host: V.M. Valyashko.

1993 Lisbon, Portugal. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: Mark Salomon.

1994 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Comm. V.8 and Sixth ISSP. Hosts: A.F. Danil de Namor, R. Fernandez-Prini.

1995 Guildford, UK. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: D.G. Shaw.

1996 Leoben, Austria. Montannuniversität. Comm. V.8 and Seventh ISSP. Host: H. Gamsjäger.

1997 Geneva, Switzerland. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: D.G. Shaw.

1998 Niigata, Japan. Niigata University. Comm. V.8 and Eighth ISSP. Hosts: H. Akaiwa, K. Sawada.

1999 Berlin, Germany. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: D.G. Shaw.

2000 Hammamet, Tunisia. Comm. V.8 and Ninth ISSP. Hosts: N. Kbir-Ariguib, R. Chtara.

2001 Brisbane, Australia. IUPAC General Assembly. Comm. V.8. Chair: D. G. Shaw.

2002 Varna, Bulgaria. Subcommittee on Solubility and Equilibrium Data (SSED) and Tenth ISSP. Host: Christo Balarew.

2004 11 th ISSP. Aveiro, Portugal, 25 – 29 July. Chair: Clara Magalhães (Portugal).

Appendix 2. International Symposium of Solubility Phenomena (ISSP)

Not all Plenary or Invited lectures were published. Those that were are identified with *

1984 1 st ISSP, London, ON Canada, 21-23 August. The University of Western Ontario

Co-sponsors: IUPAC, The University of Western Ontario; Chair: J.W. Lorimer (Canada); Symposium Editor: M. Tomlinson (Canada).

Symposium record: J.W. Lorimer, Can. Chem. News 21-22, 24, December, 1984.

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 57 , 254-336 (1985). *R. Cohen-Adad (France); *B.E. Conway (Canada); *S. Goldman (Canada); *W. L. Marshall (USA); *E. Wilhelm (Austria); *B. A. Wolf (Germany); I.L. Khodakovsky (USSR).

1986 2 nd ISSP, Newark, NJ, USA.12-15 August. New Jersey Institute of Technology; Co-chairs: R.P.T. Tomkins (USA), M. Salomon (USA); Symposium Editor: R. I. Haines (Canada).

Symposium record: R.P.T. Tomkins, Chem. Int. 9 , no. 5, 194-195 (1987).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 58 , 1547-1610 (1986). T. Yokokawa (Japan); S. Krause (USA); C. L. Young (Australia); E. Tomlinson, W. Riebesehl, H.J.U. Grünbauer (Netherlands); J. V. Walther (USA); K. S. Pitzer (USA).

1988 3 rd ISSP, Guildford, Surrey, UK. 23-26 August. University of Surrey. Sponsor: IUPAC. Co-chairs: A.F. Danil de Namor (UK), P.G.T. Fogg (UK); Symposium Editor: H.D.B. Jenkins (UK).

Symposium record: A.F. Danil de Namor, Pure Appl. Chem. 61 , no. 2, iv (1989).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl., Chem. 61 , 121-185 (1989). *D. Hallén and I. Wadsö (Sweden); *D. Feakins, F.M. Canning, J.J. Mullaly and W.E. Waghorne (Ireland); W.B. Streett (USA); A.E. Beezer (UK); *R. Van der Haegen, L.A. Kleinjens, L. van Opstal and R. Konigsveld (The Netherlands); *B.G. Cox (UK) and H. Schneider (Germany); *H. Ohtaki and N. Fukusima (Japan). Published Pure Appl, Chem. 61 (2),121-185 (1989).

1990 4 th ISSP Troy, NY, USA.1-3 August. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Co-chairs: S. Krause (USA); M. Salomon (USA); Symposium Editor: D. G. Shaw (USA).

Symposium record: (none)

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 62 , 2069-2138 (1990). Y. Marcus (Israel); S. Ahrland (Sweden); R. Fernandez-Prini (Argentina); F. A. Lewis (Ireland); L. Andreoli-Ball, S.J. Sun, L. Trejo, M. Costas, D. Patterson (Canada); I. C. Sanchez, P.A. Rogers (USA); J.-P. E. Grolier (France); A. F. Danil de Namor (UK); V. M. Valyashko (Russia).

1992 5 th ISSP Moscow, Russia. 8-10 July. Russian Academy of Sciences. Co-sponsors: IUPAC, UNESCO, Russian Academy of Sciences. Co-chairs: Yu. A. Zolotov (Russia), V.M. Valyashko (Russia); Symposium Editors: D.G. Shaw (USA), J.W. Lorimer (Canada).

Symposium record: (none)

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 65 , 173-220 (1993).*G.M. Schneider (Germany); *J.W. Lorimer (Canada); *A.F. Danil de Namor (UK); *H. Ohtaki (Japan); *Chr. Balarew (Bulgaria); *J. H. Petropoulos (Greece).

1994 6 th ISSP Buenos Aires, Argentina 22-26 August Hotel Bauen. Co-sponsors: IUPAC, University of Buenos Aires, University of Surrey. Chair: A. F. Danil de Namor (UK); Symposium Editors: A. F. Danil de Namor (UK), J. I. Bullock (UK).

Symposium record: A.F. Danil de Namor, Pure Appl. Chem. 67 , no. 4, iv (1995).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 67 , 519-592 (1995). *R. Fernandez-Prini (Argentina); *F.W. Getzen (USA); *H. Gamsjäger (Austria); *R.M. Izatt, J.L. Oscarson, S.E. Gillespie, X. Chen, P.Wang and G.D. Watt (USA); *E. Pramauro and A. B. Prevot (Italy); *A. Cesaro (Italy); *V.M. Valyashko (Russia); *H.R. Corti (Argentina); *Z. Zedlinski and M. Sokol (Poland).

1996 7 th ISSP Leoben, Austria 22-25 July Montanuniversität Leoben. Chair: H. Gamsjäger (Austria); Symposium Editors: P. G. T. Fogg (UK), W. E. Waghorne (Ireland).

Symposium record: H. Gamsjäger, Pure Appl. Chem. 69 , iv (1996).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 69 , 905-978 (1996). R. E. Mesmer, D. A. Palmer, J. M. Simonson, H. F. Holmes, P. C. Ho, D. J. Wesolowski and M. S, Gruszkiewcz (USA); F. Franks (UK); K. Sawada (Japan), B. A. Wolf (Germany); J. P. Amend (Italy) and H. C. Helgeson (USA); I. Grenthe (Sweden) and A. Plyasunov (Russia); A. Skrzecz (Poland); C. E. Kolb, J. T. Jayne, P. Davidovits, and D. R. Worsnop (USA); A. D. Pelton (Canada).

1998 8 th ISSP Niigata, Japan July. Co-sponsors: IUPAC, Niigata University, Bandai Civic Hall, Niigata. Chair: H. Akaiwa (Japan); Symposium Editor: P.G.T. Fogg.

Symposium record: J.W. Lorimer, Chem. Int. 20 , no. 6, 173-174 (1998).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 70 ,*1867-1932 (1998). G. H. Nancollas and W. Wu (USA); *M. T. Beck (Hungary); *H. Watarai (Japan); *B. Ya. Spivakov (Russia); *P. Scharlin (Finland), R. Battino (USA), E. Silla, I. Tuñon, J.L. Pascual-Ahuir (Spain); *K. Izutzu (Japan); *M. Salomon (USA); *H. Gamsjäger and E. Königsberger (Austria); *J.-C. Bollinger (France); *M. Tabata (Japan).

2000 9 th ISSP Hammamet, Tunisia, 25–28 July. Co-sponsors: IUPAC, Tunisian Chemical Society. Grand Palais des Congrès. Co-chairs: N. Kbir-Ariguib, R.Chtara; Symposium Editors: P.G.T. Fogg, H. Gamsjäger, M. Gaune-Escard.

Symposium records: J.W. Lorimer, Chem. Int. 23 , No. 3, 81-82 (2001); P.G.T. Fogg, Pure Appl. Chem. 73 , ii-iv (2001).

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 73 , 761-843 (2001). *N. Kbir-Ariguib, D.B.H. Chehimi and L. Zayani (Tunisia); *M.-Th. Cohen-Adad (France); *E. Königsberger and L.-C. Königsberger (Austria); *T. Ogawa and K. Minato (Japan); *H. A. J. Oonk (The Netherlands); *J. Rumble, Jr., A. Y. Lee, D. Blakeslee and S. Young (USA); and *W. Voigt (Germany); J.-E. Dubois (France); and M. Gaune-Escard (France)..

2002 10 th ISSP. Varna, Bulgaria, 22 – 26 July. St. St. Constantine and Helen resort. Chair: Chr. Balarew (Bulgaria); Symposium Editor: D.G. Shaw.

Symposium records: J.W. Lorimer, Chem. Int. 24 , No. 6, 31-32 (2002); D.G. Shaw, Pure Appl. Chem. 74 , No. 10, iii (2002)..

Plenary and Invited Lectures: Pure Appl. Chem. 74 , 1785-1920 (2002). I. Gutzow, S. Atanassova, K. Neykov (Bulgaria); Chr. Balarew (Bulgaria); Chr. Bojadiev (Bulgaria); R. Choen-Adad (France) with Chr. Balarew, S. Tepavitcharova and D. Rabadjieva (Bulgaria); S.D. Dimitrov, N.C. Dimitrova (Bulgaria) with J.D. Walker, G.D. Veith, O.G. Mekenyan (USA); E. Königsberger (Australia); M.C.F. Magalhaes (Portugal); T. Tang, G.H. Nancollas (USA); F. Rull (Spain); V.M. Valyashko (Russia); E. Zhecheva, R. Stoyanova (Bulgaria) with R. Alcántara, P. Lavela, J.-L. Tirado (Spain); Th. Fanghänel, V. Neck (Germany); W. Voigt, D. Zeng (Germany).

2004 11 th ISSP Aveiro, Portugal, 25 - 29 July, Chair: C. Magalhães.

Appendix 3. Commission V. 8 - Titular Members

1979-81 A.S. Kertes (Israel), Chair; R. Battino (USA); H.L. Clever (USA); R. Cohen-Adad (France); L.H. Gevantman (USA) (Co-secretary); J.W. Lorimer (Canada) (Co-secretary);

M. Salomon (USA); C.L. Young (Australia).

1981-83 A. S. Kertes (Israel), Chair; . Battino (USA); H.L. Clever (USA); R. Cohen-Adad (France); L.H. Gevantman (USA) (Co-secretary); J.W. Lorimer (Canada) (Co-secretary); Salomon (USA); C..L. Young (Australia)

1983-85 A.S. Kertes (Israel), Chair; L.H. Gevantman (USA), Secretary; R. Battino (USA); H.L. Clever (USA); R. Cohen-Adad (France); D.G. Shaw (USA); C.L. Young (Australia)

1985-87 A.S. Kertes (Israel), Chair; L.H. Gevantman (USA), Secretary; R. Battino (USA); H.L. Clever (USA); R. Cohen-Adad (France); D.G. Shaw (USA); C.L. Young Australia).

1987-89 J.W. Lorimer (Canada), Chair; L.H. Gevantman (USA), Secretary; P.G.T. Fogg (UK); W. Hayduk (Canada); G.T. Hefter (Australia); R.P.T. Tomkins (USA).

1989-91 J.W. Lorimer (Canada), Chair; L.H. Gevantman (USA), Secretary; R.P.T. Tomkins (USA); G.T. Hefter (Australia); J. Eysseltová (Czech Republic).

1991-93 M. Salomon (USA), Chair; R.P.T. Tomkins (USA), Secretary; J. Eysseltová (Czech Republic); F.W. Getzen (USA); G.T. Hefter (Australia);

1993-95 M. Salomon (USA), Chair; R.P.T. Tomkins (USA), Secretary; J. Eysseltová (Czech Republic); G.T. Hefter (Australia); F.W. Getzen (USA); A. Maczynski (Poland);

1995-97 D.G. Shaw (USA), Chair; H. Gamsjäger (Austria), Secretary; P.T.G. Fogg (UK); M.-Th. Saugier-Cohen Adad (France); V.M. Valyashko (Russia).

1997-99 D.G. Shaw (USA), Chair; H. Gamsjäger (Austria), Secretary; M.-Th. Saugier-Cohen Adad (France); A. Skrzecz (Poland); V.M. Valyashko (Russia).

1999-01 D.G. Shaw (USA), Chair; H. Gamsjager (Austria), Secretary; P. Scharlin (Finland);

A. Skrecz (Poland); V.M. Valyashko (Russia).

Appendix 4. Volumes in the Solubility Data Series (volume editors, title, date of publication)

Editors-in-Chief

A. S. Kertes 1977 – 1989 Volumes 1 – 38 Pergamon Press

J. W. Lorimer 1989 – 1996 Volumes 39 – 53 Pergamon Press

Volumes 54 – 62 Oxford University Press

M. Salomon 1996 - Volumes 63 – 65 Oxford University Press

Volumes 66 - IUPAC-NIST in J. Phys.

Chem. Ref. Data

Published by Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK: Editor-in-Chief A.S. Kertes

Vol. 1 H.L. Clever, Helium and Neon (1979), xxi + 393 pp

Vol. 2 H.L. Clever, Krypton, Xenon and Radon (1979), xx + 357 pp

Vol. 3 M. Salomon, Silver Azide, Cyanide, Cyanamides, Cyanate, Selenocyanate and Thiocyanate (1979), xix + 247 pp

Vol. 4 H.L. Clever, Argon (1980), xviii + 331 pp

Vol. 5/6 C.L. Young, Hydrogen and Deuterium (1981), xviii + 646 pp

Vol. 7 R. Battino, Oxygen and Ozone (1981), xviii + 519 pp

Vol. 8 C.L. Young, Oxides of Nitrogen (1981), xviii + 369 pp

Vol. 9 W. Hayduk, Ethane (1982), xxi + 263 pp

Vol. 10 R. Battino, Nitrogen and Air (1982), xiv + 570 pp

Vol. 11 B. Scrosati and C.A. Vincent, Alkali Metal, Alkaline Earth Metal and Ammonium Halides, Amide Solvents (1980), xx + 364 pp

Vol. 12 C.L. Young, Sulfur Dioxide, Chlorine, Fluorine and Chlorine Oxides (1983), xvii + 477 pp

Vol. 13 S. Siekierski, T. Mioduski and M. Salomon, eds., Scandium, Yttrium, Lanthanum and Lanthanide Nitrates (1983), xxiv + 490 pp

Vol. 14 H. Miyamoto, M. Salomon and H.L. Clever, eds., Alkaline Earth Metal Halates (1983), xx + 332 pp

Vol. 15 A.F.M. Barton, ed., Alcohols with Water (1984), xix + 438 pp

Vol. 16/17 E. Tomlinson and A. Regosch, eds., Antibiotics: 1, $ -Lactam Antibiotics (1985), xxii + 790 pp

Vol. 18 O. Popovych, Tetraphenylborates (1981), xxii + 242 pp

Vol. 19 C.L. Young, Cumulative Index: Volumes 1-18 (1985), x + 300 pp

Vol. 20 A.L. Horvath and F.W. Getzen, Halogenated Benzenes, Toluenes and Phenols with Water (1985), xxiv + 266 pp

Vol. 21 C.L. Young and P.G.T. Fogg, Ammonia, Amines, Phosphine, Arsine, Stibine, Silane, Germane and Stannane in Organic Solvents (1985), xvi + 344 pp

Vol. 22 T. Mioduski and M. Salomon, Scandium, Yttrium, Lanthanum and Lanthanide Halides in Non-aqueous Solvents (1985), xx + 398 pp

Vol. 23 T.P. Dirkse, Copper, Silver, Gold and Zinc, Cadmium, Mercury Oxides and Hydroxides (1986), xix + 360 pp

Vol. 24 W. Hayduk, Propane, Butane and 2-Methylpropane (1986), xxi + 447 pp

Vol. 25 C. Hirayama, Z. Galus and C. Guminski, Metals in Mercury (1986), xx + 451 pp

Vol. 26 M.R. Masson, H.D. Lutz and B. Engelen, Sulfites, Selenites and Tellurites (1986), xxiv + 451 pp

Vol. 27/28 H.L. Clever and C.L. Young, Methane (1987), xviii + 783 pp

Vol. 29 H.L. Clever, Mercury in Liquids, Compressed Gases, Molten Salts and Other Elements (1987), xii + 255 pp

Vol. 30 H. Miyamoto and M. Salomon, Alkali Metal Halates, Ammonium Iodate and Iodic Acid (1987), xxiv + 510 pp

Vol. 31 J. Eysseltová and T.P. Dirkse, Alkali Metal Orthophosphates (1988), xx + 347 pp

Vol. 32 P.G.T. Fogg and C.L. Young, Hydrogen Sulfide, Deuterium Sulfide and Hydrogen Selenide (1988), xvi + 352 pp

Vol. 33 P. Franzosini, Molten Alkali Metal Alkanoates (1988), xxxiv + 348 pp

Vol. 34 A.N. Paruta and R. Piekos, 4-Aminobenzenesulfonamides. Part I: Non-cyclic Substituents (1988), xxvi + 347 pp

Vol. 35 A.N. Paruta and R. Piekos, 4-Aminobenzenesulfonamides. Part II: 5-membered Heterocyclic Substituents (1988), xxvii + 343 pp

Vol. 36 A.N. Paruta and R. Piekos, 4-Aminobenzenesulfonamides. Part III: 6-membered Heterocyclic Substituents and Miscellaneous Systems (1988), xxx + 523 pp

Vol. 37 D.G. Shaw, Hydrocarbons with Water and Seawater. Part I: Hydrocarbons C 5 to C 7 (1989), xx + 528 pp

Vol. 38 D.G. Shaw, Hydrocarbons with Water and Seawater. Part II: Hydrocarbons C 8 to C 36 (1989), xxii + 371 pp

Published by Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK: Editor-in-Chief J.W. Lorimer

Vol. 39 C.L. Young, Cumulative Index: Volumes 20-38 (1989), x + 371 pp

Vol. 40 J. Hála, Halides, Oxyhalides and Salts of Halogen Complexes of Titanium, Zirconium, Hafnium, Vanadium, Niobium and Tantalum (1989), xxxvi + 327 pp

Vol. 41 C.-Y. Chan, I.N. Lepeshkov and K.H. Khoo, Alkaline Earth Metal Perchlorates (1989), xxii + 281 pp

Vol. 42 P.G.T. Fogg and W. Gerrard, Hydrogen Halides in Non-aqueous Solvents (1990), xvi + 480 pp

Vol. 43 R.W. Cargill, Carbon Monoxide (1990), xvi + 314 pp

Vol. 44 H. Miyamoto, E.M. Woolley and M. Salomon, Copper and Silver Halates (1990), xx + 246 pp

Vol. 45/46 R.P.T. Tomkins and N.P. Bansal, Gases in Molten Salts (1991), xviii + 555 pp

Vol. 47 R. Cohen-Adad and J.W. Lorimer, Alkali Metal and Ammonium Halides in Water and Heavy Water (Binary Systems) (1991), xxx + 533

Vol. 48 F. Getzen, G. Hefter and A. Maczynski, Esters with Water. Part I: Esters 2-C to 6-C (1992), xiv + 242 pp

Vol. 49 F. Getzen, G. Hefter and A. Maczynski, Esters with Water. Part I: Esters 2-C to 6-C (1992), xiv + 251 pp

Vol. 50 P.G.T. Fogg, Carbon Dioxide in Non-aqueous Solvents at Pressures Less Than 200 kPa (1992), xvi + 485 pp

Vol. 51 J.G. Osteryoung, M.M. Schneider, C. Guminski and Z. Galus, Intermetallic Compounds in Mercury (1992), xxxii + 257 pp

Vol. 52 I. Lambert and H.L. Clever, Alkaline Earth Hydroxides in Water and Aqueous Solutions (1992), xxiv + 365 pp

Vol. 53 C.L. Young, Cumulative Index: Volumes 40-52 (1993), x + 180 pp

Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Editor-in-Chief J.W. Lorimer

Vol. 54 W.E. Acree, Jr., Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Pure and Binary Solvents (1994), xlvi + 337 pp

Vol. 55 S. Siekierski and S.L. Phillips, Actinide Nitrates (1994), xiv + 368 pp

Vol. 56 D. Shaw, A. Skrzecz, J.W. Lorimer and A. Maczynski, Alcohols with Hydrocarbons (1994), xxiv + 296 pp

Vol. 57 W. Hayduk, Ethene (1994), xviii + 358 pp

Vol. 58 W.E. Acree, Jr., Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Binary Non-aqueous Systems, Part I: Solvents A-E (1995), xlvi + 338 pp

Vol. 59 W.E. Acree, Jr., Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Binary Non-aqueous Systems, Part II: Solvents F-Z (1995), xxx + 348 pp

Vol. 60 A.L. Horváth and F.W. Getzen, Halogenated Methanes with Water (1995), xx + 197 pp

Vol. 61 C.-Y. Chan, K.H. Khoo, E.S. Gryzlova and M.-T. Saugier-Cohen Adad, Alkali Metal and Ammonium Perchlorates. Part I: Lithium and Sodium Perchlorates (1995), xviii + 268 pp

Vol. 62 P. Scharlin, Carbon Dioxide in Water and Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions (1995), xviii + 383 pp

Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Editor-in-Chief M. Salomon

Vol. 63 H.U. Borgstedt and C. Guminski, Metals in Liquid Alkali Metals. Part I: Be to Os (1996), xiv + 310 pp

Vol. 64 H.U. Borgstedt and C. Guminski, Metals in Liquid Alkali Metals. Part II: Co to Bi (1996), xiv + 346 pp

Vol. 65 J.J. Fritz and E. Königsberger, Copper(I) Halides and Pseudohalides (1996), xxii + 291 pp

Published by Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. Editor-in-Chief M. Salomon

Vol. 66 J. Eysseltová and T.P. Dirkse, Ammonium Phosphates , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 27 , 1289-1470 (1998); Erratum: ibid., 29 , 1643-1644 (2000).

Vol. 67 A.L. Horvath, F.W. Getzen and Z. Maczynska, Halogenated Ethanes and Ethenes with Water , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28 , 395-627 (1999).

Vol. 68 A.L. Horvath and F.W. Getzen, Aliphatic Compounds C3 - C14 with Water , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28 , 649-777 (1999).

Vol. 69 A. Skrzecz, D. Shaw and A. Maczynski, Ternary Alcohol-Hydrocarbon-Water Systems , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28 , 983-1236 (1999).

Vol. 70 R. Paterson, Y. Yampol'skii, P.G.T. Fogg, The Solubility of Gases in Glassy Polymers , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28 , 1255-1451 (1999).

Vol. 71 V.P. Sazonov. K.N. Marsh and G.T. Hefter, Nitromethane with Water or Organic Solvents , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 29 , 1165-1354 (2000).

Vol. 72 V.P. Sazonov. K.N. Marsh and G.T. Hefter, Nitromethane with Water or Organic Solvents: Ternary and Quaternary Systems , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 29 , 1447-1640 (2000).

Vol. 73 C. Balarew, T.P. Dirkse, O.A. Golubchikov and M. Salomon, Metal and Ammonium Formate Systems , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 30 , 1-163 (2001).

Vol. 74 J. Hála, Actinide Carbonates and Carbon-Containing Compounds , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 30 , 531-698 (2001).

Vol. 75 H.U. Borgstedt and C. Guminski, Nonmetals in Liquid Alkali Metals , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 30 , 835-1158 (2001).

Vol. 76 P.G.T. Fogg, S.A. Bligh, M.E. Derrick, Y.P. Yampol'skii, H.L. Clever, A. Skrzecz and C.L. Young, Solubility of Ethyne in Liquids . J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 30 , 1693-1875 (2001).

Vol. 77 V.P. Sazonov. D.G. Shaw and K.N. Marsh, Nitroalkanes with Water or Organic Solvents: Binary and Multicomponent Systems , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 31 , 1-121 (2002).

Vol. 78 V. P. Sazonov and D. G. Shaw, Acetonitrile Binary Systems, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 31 , 989 – 1133 (2002).

Vol. 79 J. Hala, Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metal Pseudohalides, J. Phys. Chem. Ref Data 33 , in press.

Vol 80 H. L. Clever, Gaseous and Volatile Fluorides: XeF 2 , XeF 4 ,, XeF 6 , BF 3 , NF 3 , N 2 F 4 ,, SF 6 ,CF 4 , CHF 3 , CH 2 F 2 , CH 3 F, C 2 F 6 ,C 2 HF 5 , C 2 H 2 F 4 , C 2 H 3 F 3 ,C 2 H 4 F 2 , C 2 H 5 F, C 3 F 8 , c-C 4 F 8 , C 2 F 4 . C 2 H 2 F 2 , C 2 H 3 F, C 3 F 6 , C 3 F 3 O and SiF 4 , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, submitted.

Professor H.Lawrence Clever <hclever@att.net> retired in 1992 from the Department of Chemistry at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, but he is still active and is preparing volume 80.

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