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Vol. 25 No. 1
January - February 2003

Bookworm | Books and publications hot off the press.
See also www.iupac.org/publications 

Nanostructured Advanced Materials

A special topic issue of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 9, 2002. IUPAC, 2002.
(ISBN 0-9678550-5-5)

IUPAC Materials Initiative

Suggestions, comments, questions regarding IUPAC activities on the subject of Materials Chemistry should be addressed to Prof. John Corish <jcorish@tcd.ie>, chairman of the Subcommittee on Materials Chemistry.

A focus of frontline interdisciplinary research today is the development of the conceptual framework and the experimental background of the science of nanostructured materials and the perspectives of its technological applications. The subjects of nanoscience and nanotechnology pertains to the synthesis, characterization, exploration, interrogation, exploitation, and utilization of nanostructured materials, which are characterized by at least one dimension in the nanometer domain. Such nanostructured systems constitute a bridge between single molecules and infinite bulk systems. Individual nanostructures involve clusters, nanoparticles, nanocrystals, quantum dots, nanowires, and nanotubes, while collections of nanostructures involve arrays, assemblies, and superlattices of individual nanostructures.

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The implications of quantum size and shape effects on the energetics, nuclear-electronic level structure, electric-optical response, and dynamics, reveal new unique physical phenomena that qualitatively differ from those of the bulk matter and provide avenues for the control of the function of nanostructures.

This special topic issue of Pure and Applied Chemistry includes reviews and research papers based on lectures presented at the second Workshop on Advanced Materials: Nanostructured Materials (WAM II), held from 13–16 February 2002 in Bangalore, India (See Conference report, CI May 2002, p.22). This PAC issue was coordinated by Professor J. Bull, IUPAC Special Topics Editor and Professor G.U. Kulkarni, chairman of the Local Organizing Committee. The papers addressed recent developments in the broad, interdisciplinary research field of nanostructured materials and are organized under the following categories: synthesis and characterization, spectroscopic and other physical properties, and applications of nanostructured materials.

Perspectives and directions are given in the introduction authored by C. N. R. Rao and Joshua Jortner. That paper highlights some significant aspects of the characterization, interrogation, and response of nanostructures, in conjunction with theoretical modeling of the unique structure, dynamics, and function of quantum structures and their assemblies.

 

www.iupac.org/publications/pac/2002/7409


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