Chemistry International
Vol. 23 (2001)

2001, Vol. 23
No. 6 (November)
No. 5 (September)
No. 4 (July)
No. 3 (May)
No. 2 (March)
No. 1 (January)

2000, Vol. 22

1999, Vol. 21

1998, Vol. 20

1997, Vol. 19

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Chemistry International

2001

Chemistry International is the news magazine of IUPAC. News about IUPAC, its chemists, its publications, its recommendations, its conferences and the work of its commissions and committees is published bimonthly in Chemistry International.

Index 2001

Issues

No. 1 (January)

Quality of Chemical Measurements - International Evaluation Program Reveals True Situation

Chemical measurements form the basis of many important economic, political, environmental, medical, and legal decisions. Each day, millions of such measurements are carried out throughout the world. The real basis for decisionmaking and implementing regulations depends on the comparability and reliability of the results of these chemical measurements. The European Commission requires that measurements performed in one Member State must be acceptable to all other Member States in the Union.

No. 2 (March)

Risk Assessment Terminology

The problem of "risk" and "hazard" terminology has bedeviled discussions relating to the safe use of chemicals, because there have been different usages, although aconsensus position, and we think that the methodology applied is of considerable interest and agrees with that used by IUPAC terminologists.

No. 3 (May)

NIST Celebrates its Centennial

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) celebrates its centennial this year. NIST, formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), was established in 1901 by the U.S. Congress to maintain custody of the national standards of measurement and to develop new ones as needed by the country’s rapidly expanding industry. NIST/NBS has grown from a relatively small laboratory with approximately 12 employees to a major research laboratory. NIST has also had a long involvement with IUPAC in many areas of chemical research.

No. 4 (July)

Chemical Education in Eritrea

In Eritrea, one of the world’s newest countries, chemists and educators are probing structures, learning from oral history, and equipping young people to understand and shape the opportunities presented by new and existing chemical processes. Eritrean chemical education is coming into its own in the new millennium, mirroring the emergence of the fledgling nation from European colonialism and Ethiopian annexation to independence in 1993.

No. 5 (September)

COCI Visit to China

The primary goal of the visit was to spend some time in Beijing with SINOPEC, which last year gained representation on COCI in the person of Dr. Jinliang Qiao, Deputy Director of the Beijing Research Institute of Chemical Industry. SINOPEC, an acronym for China Petrochemical Corporation, is a giant petroleum and petrochemical enterprise group, established in July 1998 by the State on the basis of the former China Petrochemical Corporation, with 95 wholly owned enterprises, sales over USD 28 billion in 1999, and well over 500 000 employees.

No. 6 (November)

"Heavy Metals" - A Meaningless Term

Over the past two decades, the term "heavy metals" has been used increasingly in various publications and in legislation related to chemical hazards and the safe use of chemicals. It is often used as a group name for metals and semimetals (metalloids) that have been associated with contamination and potential toxicity or ecotoxicity. At the same time, legal regulations often specify a list of heavy metals to which they apply. Such lists may differ from one set of regulations to the other, or the term may be used without specifying which heavy metals are covered.

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