Chemistry International
Vol. 22, No.1, January 2000

2000, Vol. 22
No. 1 (January)
..Environment and Greece
..Millennium Message
..News from IUPAC
..Other Societies
..Reports from Symposia

..New Books
..Awards and Prizes
..Conferences

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Chemistry International
Vol. 22, No. 1
January 2000

Reports from IUPAC-Sponsored Symposia

 

International Memorial K. I. Zamaraev Conference on Physical Methods for Catalytic Research at the Molecular Level

28 June-2 July 1999
Novosibirsk, Russia

This conference was held at the Novosibirsk Scientific Center under the auspices of the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis on the 60th anniversary of the birth of Professor Kirill I. Zamaraev, who took an active part in the work of IUPAC for many years until his untimely death in 1996. Prof. Zamaraev was President of IUPAC from 1994 to 1995 and served as Chairman of the IUPAC Physical Chemistry Division from 1987 to 1989. He was also the Director of the Boreskov Institute from 1984 to 1995, and he made considerable contributions to the establishment of relationships between fundamental and applied areas of catalysis. Prof. Zamaraevís comprehensive approach to the application of physical methods to catalytic studies is inherent in the work of the Boreskov Institute in Novosibirsk today.

Organizers of the conference, besides IUPAC, included the International Association for the Promotion of Cooperation with Scientists from Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (INTAS), the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), the Russian Mendeleev Chemical Society (Novosibirsk Department, Russia), and the Russian Scientific Council on Catalysis (Moscow, Russia). Almost 200 chemists, mostly from scientific research centers and universities in Germany, France, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, China, Korea, Belgium, Japan, Spain, Ireland, Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Belarus, attended the conference.

The scientific program included 12 invited plenary lectures, 12 keynote lectures, 32 oral presentations, and 98 posters covering the following topics:

  • quantum-chemical studies on the electronic structure of active components in catalysts, and molecular adsorption at active sites
  • physical methods for surface science studies and studies of adsorption processes
  • experimental studies on the structure of active sites of heterogeneous catalysts and on the elementary mechanisms of heterogeneous catalytic reactions
  • experimental studies on elementary mechanisms of homogeneous catalytic reactions
  • development of new methods and approaches to in situ catalytic studies

Studies of heterogeneous catalysis by various in situ methods revealed a distinct difference between the state of catalysts in equilibrium with the ambient environment and those in nonequilibrium conditions with the reaction medium. This finding is of real interest to several IUPAC commissions that are developing recommendations for application of new methods of studies of chemically reactive systems. We will probably soon need a correction of existing terminology or development of special glossaries for describing very complicated nonequilibrium phenomena. Of special interest to IUPACís analytical chemistry commissions was the presenation of a largely new analytical method called "differential dissolution", which aims to determine rapidly the phase composition of complex multiphase solids without any reference samples. This method appears to be very sensitive when coupled with modern atomic analyzers; it is able to distinguish seven to eight different phases in a sample of microgram weight.

Nineteen research projects funded by INTAS were discussed at the Scientific INTAS session organized by the INTAS Secretariat to run simultaneously with the conference. The conference also featured presentations by the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, IUPAC, and INTAS, and there was an exhibition of analytical equipment sponsored by Shimadzu Europa GmbH.

Other conference activities included evenings of music and dance, excursions, and a special sightseeing program for accompanying persons. A postconference tour of the wonderful Altay Mountains also took place.

A book of abstracts of the conference manuscripts, edited by Prof. V. N. Parmon and Prof. D. I. Kochubey, was published and distributed to participants at the meeting. The main contributions will also be published after the conference in a special issue of the Journal of Molecular Catalysis.

Professor V. N. Parmon
Conference Chairman and Institute Director
Mrs. L. Ya. Startseva, Conference Secretary
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis
Novosibirsk, Russia

 

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